Femur – The long bone in the upper leg.
Inflammation – The response of a tissue to irritation or injury. Inflammation is often characterized by one or more of the following: pain, redness, swelling, or heat.
‘-itis’ – This isn’t really a word, of course, but you will notice it at the end of many medical conditions. ‘-itis’ means inflammation of that tissue. Therefore, ‘tendonitis’ would mean inflammation of the tendon.
Ligament – A strong, fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone.
Tendinitis – An injury to the tendon at the cellular level. Tendinitis can be chronic or acute, but there is inflammation present.
Tendinosis – An injury to the tendon at the cellular level. This is a chronic degeneration of the tendon without inflammation.
Tendon – A part of the muscle that attaches the muscle to the bone. Unlike the muscle belly, which contracts, the tendon is more fibrous and does not contract.
This of course is a just a partial list, but some of the more common terms you’ll hear around our physical therapy clinic.
Of course, if there’s ever anything you don’t understand because maybe we’re speaking ‘physical therapy,’ please don’t hesitate to stop us and have us explain terms in plain words. We want you to always be informed and at the same time, clearly understand what is happening with your treatment.
No question is a bad question except maybe one that’s not asked. You need to be an advocate for your own health care. And to do that best, you need and should be informed about your health care decisions.
There’s really no substitute for knowledge when it comes to physical therapy or any medical specialty for that matter. So, please, always feel free to ask questions.